International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Description</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) is an open access and peer reviewed multi-disciplinary quarterly journal which publishes <em>free of charge</em> original scholarly research papers on the fundamental research in all branches of theory and practice of art, providing rapid disclosure of the key elements of a study, publishing preliminary, experimental and theoretical results on the history of art, cloth designing, restoration, painting, graphic, architecture and urban design.</p> <p>The IJAPAS is under the evaluation process of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).&nbsp;All submitted&nbsp;manuscripts are checked for plagiarism through a trustworthy software named&nbsp;iThenticate&nbsp;to assure the&nbsp;submitted article originality and then peer-reviewed by the international reviewers.</p> <p><strong>Indexing:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>IJAPAS has been indexed in the Citefactor, Google Scholar, DRJI (Directory of Research Journal Indexing), J-Gate, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Magiran</a> and <a href=";DC=5860" target="_blank" rel="noopener">RICeST</a>.</p> <p>Print ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4506</strong></p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4670</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Audience</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The IJAPAS hopes for researchers, graduate students, professionals and others would make use of this journal publication for the development of innovation in applied arts. The manuscripts should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The IJAPAS manuscript submission process is fully electronic, to ensure the rapid publication of results. Manuscripts should be submitted via our secure web site. Manuscripts submitted by hardcopy mail or by e-mail will not be processed.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Editor-in-Chief</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Dr. Abolfazl Davodi Roknabadi</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Associate Professor,<br>Faculty of Arts and Architecture,<br>Islamic Azad University,Yazd Branch,<br>Safayieh, Shohadaye Gomnam Blvd.,<br>Yazd, Iran<br>Email:</td> <td width="10%">&nbsp;</td> <td valign="top" width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Scope</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Topics suitable for IJAPAS include but are not limited to:</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Artworks, Performances and installations</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Urban design and architecture, architectural conservation and restoration of historical structures</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Fabrics, new methods for cloth fabrications and cloth design</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative media arts concepts and projects</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Painting and graphical arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative Web, Web3D, and multimedia studies and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Social issues and concepts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Imaginary and creative concepts and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Visual arts: ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Performing arts: music, theater, film, photography </span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Industrial design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Fashion design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Art history</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Aesthetics and semantics</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</span></div> en-US (Dr. Abolfazl Davodi Roknabadi) (Dr. Seyedakbar Mostafavi) Sat, 09 Oct 2021 10:08:15 +0330 OJS 60 Assessing Sustainable Local Identity in the Business Centers with an Emphasis on Biophilic Design (Case Study: Shiraz Enghelab Bazaar) <p>The innate tendency of humans towards nature has made them pay specific attention to this issue in different fields, and particularly architecture. This study was conducted to recognize common components of biophilic architecture and local architecture and analyze their impacts on helping designing something with sustainable local identity. As the local identity of an architectural work can play a key role in creating new works, emphasizing common components of local and biophilic design can help not only the sustainability of work but also the physical and mental health of individuals. In this applied research, research questions were answered using architectural design models in combination with biophilic design components affecting space localization. Data collection was done using the library method, field observations, and using a questionnaire. After analysis of the questionnaires, common components of local and biophilic architectures were introduced. Then, the data were measured in Shiraz Enghelab Bazaar as a sample business center the results showed that in terms of the effect of all common components of local and biophilic architecture on the local identity of a business center, three components including nature-environment harmony, natural facilities of the environment, and climatic conditions had the most effects on the sustainable local identity of a business center respectively.</p> Niaz Esmaili, Mamoud Golabchi, Vahid Ghobadian ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Oct 2021 09:56:17 +0330 Tall Buildings Preliminary Designing Criteria for Architects <p>Tall buildings, according to the progress of human societies are increasing dramatically in different parts of the world. The point that distinguish a high-rise building from the other ones is the prominent role of structure in the tower design. So, the structure in the design process and architectural final design not only heading its main task, means bearing and transmission forces, but also accepts other roles to cover other design criteria including aesthetics, energy and etc. The reason for combination of these roles is in a high-rise building due to the reduction of the weight of the building in order to bear lateral and gravity forces, structure must accepts multiple roles to reduce additional elements. In this paper, by studying effective measures in designing of tall buildings and identifying the characteristics of each one, suggestions are offered towards appropriate integration of these measures in order to design a high-rise building. These suggestions can help architects at the beginning of the way of designing a tower. In fact, considering these measures lead to create options that other design teams (like structural team) will not face the great problems in the rest of the way.</p> Milad Rezazadeh, Mahsa Rezazadeh, Parisa Zendehdel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Oct 2021 09:57:40 +0330 Color Education in Technical-Vocational High Schools through Visual Sign (Experimenting with Models) and its Impact on Students’ Academic Success <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of teaching color knowledge on student’s educational success in visual arts’ course in private schools and governmental ones –affiliated with technical-vocational colleges. The objective is not only to increase efficiency in educational activities, but also, would be a framework for other educational activities.</p> <p>The 11<sup>th</sup> grad students from technical-vocational high schools in Tehran was selected as the case study. The color knowledge of visual arts course was the subject instructed for this population through two different methods; one as experimental group, another as control group, which both was selected at random. The color knowledge taught with the materials supports in experimental group, and through classical method in control group. In order to determine the effect of teaching methods in students' academic achievement, Pre and post testing designed for the control group. As a result of applied tests on the experimental and control group before and after teaching the subject, It was found that the success of the experimental group using materials, was greater than the control group taught through classical method. Therefore, it was found that teaching the subject of "color knowledge" using materials contributes to students' academic success.</p> <p>&nbsp;<em>Keywords:</em> Art education, Color knowledge, Visual arts, Visual design</p> Touradj Fashandaki ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Oct 2021 09:59:33 +0330 Retrieving the Concepts of Persian Garden in the Content of Contemporary Iranian Painting <p>contemporary paintings are abundantly brought up with combination of various images of Iranian Gardens in order to describe identity and culture of Iran, because these paintings have important role in retrieving and recognizing Iranian identity , culture and history, &nbsp;&nbsp;and also have a very long-lasting record , because of which &nbsp;there exists a need for studying. &nbsp;Contemporary paintings , all inherited &nbsp;from &nbsp;&nbsp;Iranian Garden design, embed presentation of &nbsp;plans, animals and architecture , as matters of identity and culture of our country, can help to make &nbsp;&nbsp;better recognition and revival of past culture and older Iranian identity. Gardens have had very important &nbsp;place since old days in Iranian culture and civilization and have been counted as one of fundamental concepts of social, cultural and natural discourse &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;of this land , Still &nbsp;presented in Iranian literature ,architecture and painting in different forms, in a way that these days’ painters pay special attention to &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;outcome concepts &nbsp;of Iranian Gardens. The main purpose of this work is recognizing and retrieving &nbsp;the concepts of Iranian garden in &nbsp;&nbsp;content of contemporary Iranian painting. At the&nbsp; time being, study conclusions show that it&nbsp; is possible to&nbsp; retrieve the concepts of the Iranian garden by means of&nbsp; analyzing and demonstrating the content of landscape&nbsp; drawing drawn by contemporary painters, specially construction type, &nbsp;Rhythm, symmetry, and coloring used in these works &nbsp;.</p> Azadeh Sahebzamani, Mohammadreza Bagher Lori ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Oct 2021 10:01:23 +0330 Designing the Beekeepers' Clothes with the ability to Repel Insects <p>In this research, insect repellent fabric (bee) was produced and with this fabric the beekeepers' clothes were designed. Therefore, a fabric has been designed and produced so that the bee does not come in connect with the beekeeper from a distance so that it cannot bite. In the theoretical section of this article, initially, types of fabrics were examined. After selecting the type of fabric that should have the cooling property, the different types of beekeepers' clothes were studied. In this regard, research and study has been done on the repellents that can be used in this article. Then, the process of practical work and production of repellent fabrics was done and the repellent fabrics were produced by using diethyltoluamide in combination with the fabric. Finally, with the findings obtained regarding the efficiency and use of the relevant clothing, the initial plans related to them were performed, and after the approval of the final designs, the Marulus program was used to implement them. Also, the design execution was analyzed.</p> Salar Zohoori, Samira Tajiki, Abolfazl Davodiroknabadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Oct 2021 10:05:07 +0330 Comparative Study of the Form and Shapes of Sassanid and Parthian Rhytons <p>There are two major Hellenic and Oriental tendencies in party art. In addition, the gradual transformation of Greek thought under the influence of the East can be discerned. Sassanid art is a sign of ethnic effort and taste, whose culture and art follow the Achaemenid and Parthian art. This art embodies the principles of Iranian aesthetics, which inherits the arts of early Asia. Making Rhyton is one of the most interesting and valuable examples of Iranian art and expresses the creative spirit and inherent genius of Iranians. Rhytons are animal drinking vessels, some with one mouth and some with two or more openings for liquids to enter and leave, used for drinking liquids at banquets, court ceremonies, and ceremonies. Drinking from such cups has symbolically meant the transfer of living vital force to man. By examining the achievements of the ancient Iranians, the possibility of recognizing and understanding their mental concepts as well as the type of social and cultural life of the societies of that time becomes clear to us. Based on this, it was decided to study the unique form, role and composition of a small number of Rhytons of the Parthian and Sassanid periods. The early Parthian rites were influenced by Greek and Hellenic culture, but gradually the national tendencies of the Iranian tribes emerged in them, while the early Sassanid rites were influenced by the Achaemenids, but the influence of Parthian and Roman art can’t be denied.</p> Fatemeh Maleksabet, Mehrnoosh Sakenyandehkordi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 09 Oct 2021 10:06:42 +0330